An AVL tree is a self-balancing binary search tree. In an AVL tree, the heights of the two child subtrees of any node differ by at most one; if at any time they differ by more than one, rebalancing is done to restore this property. Figures 1-4 illustrate the rotation rules.
The “Hamilton cycle problem” is to find a simple cycle that contains every vertex in a graph. Such a cycle is called a “Hamiltonian cycle”.
In this problem, you are supposed to tell if a given cycle is a Hamiltonian cycle.
“Damn Single (单身狗)” is the Chinese nickname for someone who is being single. You are supposed to find those who are alone in a big party, so they can be taken care of.
Two integers are called “friend numbers” if they share the same sum of their digits, and the sum is their “friend ID”. For example, 123 and 51 are friend numbers since 1+2+3 = 5+1 = 6, and 6 is their friend ID. Given some numbers, you are supposed to count the number of different friend ID’s among them. Note: a number is considered a friend of itself.
Suppose that all the keys in a binary tree are distinct positive integers. A unique binary tree can be determined by a given pair of postorder and inorder traversal sequences, or preorder and inorder traversal sequences. However, if only the postorder and preorder traversal sequences are given, the corresponding tree may no longer be unique.
Now given a pair of postorder and preorder traversal sequences, you are supposed to output the corresponding inorder traversal sequence of the tree. If the tree is not unique, simply output any one of them.
Some scientists took pictures of thousands of birds in a forest. Assume that all the birds appear in the same picture belong to the same tree. You are supposed to help the scientists to count the maximum number of trees in the forest, and for any pair of birds, tell if they are on the same tree.
“British astronomer Eddington liked to ride a bike. It is said that in order to show off his skill, he has even defined an “Eddington number”, E – that is, the maximum integer E such that it is for E days that one rides more than E miles. Eddington’s own E was 87.
Now given everyday’s distances that one rides for N days, you are supposed to find the corresponding E (<=N).
“Let’s C” is a popular and fun programming contest hosted by the College of Computer Science and Technology, Zhejiang University. Since the idea of the contest is for fun, the award rules are funny as the following:
- The Champion will receive a “Mystery Award” (such as a BIG collection of students’ research papers…).
- Those who ranked as a prime number will receive the best award – the Minions (小黄人)!
- Everyone else will receive chocolates.